Diamonds hold a special place for everyone. Over the centuries their power and beauty have worked their magic on succeeding cultures and generations, so that today diamonds have truly become the world’s most powerful symbol of love.A diamond is a natural mineral consisting essentially of carbon crystallized in the isometric (cubic) crystal system.
The weight of a diamond is expressed in Carats. One carat being equivalent to 200mg
It refers to how clean or clear the diamond is. Clarity is a Relative degree to which a diamond is free of internal characteristics (inclusions) and external characteristics (blemishes).
Fewer the impurities more the value of diamond. It is extremely rare to find a diamond that lacks any internal/external characteristics.
The clarity grade of GIA ranges from Flaw less (FL), Very Very Slight Inclusions (VVS1/ VVS2), Very Slight Inclusion (VS1/VS2), Slight Inclusions (SI1/SI2) to Imperfect (I1/I2/I3)
Diamonds mostly appear colourless. However, many actually contain subtle shades of yellow or brown. The closer a diamond is to having no colour, the more valuable it becomes, because the light is free to play through it giving you a truly dazzling diamond. Diamonds can also be found in what are known as 'fancy' colours, including yellow, brown, pink and blue. These are extremely rare and valuable.
Diamonds that ranges from colorless to light yellow and light brown fall within the D-to-Z range
It refers to Shape, proportions and finish of a diamond. It fuels a diamond fire, sparkle and brilliance. A polished diamond’s proportions affect its light performance, which in turn affects its beauty and overall appeal.
The Cut grade of GIA ranges from Excellent to Poor
Selection of shape is simply a matter of personal taste. The principle shapes are Round brilliant, Oval, Marquis, Heart, Emerald, Pear and Princess.
Diamonds must be kept clean and be stored carefully when they are not being worn.
Here are some guidelines to help keep diamonds in top condition:
• Avoid wearing diamond jewellery while doing any kind of rough work. Even though a diamond is extremely durable, a hard blow could chip it.
• While doing household chores, never allow jewellery to come into contact with chlorine bleach.
• If there is a loose stone setting, stones moving, or any other noticeable damage to jewellery, one should not wear the jewellery until it is repaired.
• When diamonds are not worn they should be stored in a fabric-lined case or in a box with dividers or separate compartments, diamonds can scratch other jewellery as well as each other.
• The best and safest way to care for a Diamond is to clean it by giving a detergent bath in lukewarm water.
• After washing the diamond, should be wiped with soft lint free cloth.
• Lotions, soaps, perfumes and hairsprays can affect the brilliance of the diamonds by leaving a film on them.
Gold is a beautiful and pure metal. The warm color of Gold is appealing. It will not tarnish, rust, or corrode. It can be molded and carved into intricate jewellery designs.
The purity of Gold is measured in Karatage and denoted by the letter “K”.It indicates the percentage of pure gold in any piece of Jewellery.
• Pure Gold is defined as 24 Karat or 99.99% pure
• 22 Karat Gold (91.6% pure) is shown on the hallmark as 916
• 21 Karat Gold (87.7% pure) is shown on the hallmark as 875
• 18 Karat Gold (75% pure) is shown on the hallmark as 750
• 14 Karat Gold (58.5% pure) is shown on the hallmark as 585
To determine the Karat weight of a particular piece of jewellery, look for the quality mark.
Pure gold is yellow in colour.Gold jewellery can also be produced in variety of colours ranging from white, yellow, red, blue, green and purple.
What ever the color chosen just remember they are all real gold. It’s a matter of fashion and personal taste.
The pricing of gold jewelry is defined by the purity of the gold used or by the karat weight of the piece. Pricing is further determined by the design and construction of each piece of jewelry.
Caring tips can help to preserve the beauty of Gold for generation:
• Never wear jewellery while doing rough work.
• When the jewellery is not being worn, be sure to store it in a fabric-lined case or in a box with separate compartments because jewellery pieces can scratch each other.
• Advisable to wear jewellery after makeup. Perfumes, body lotion, hair spray and soap are chemicals can leave a residue on jewellery, creating a dull film.
• To clean your gold jewelry, simply use a solution of warm water and mild, detergent-free soap. Wash each gold piece gently using a soft toothbrush
• Always avoid contact with chlorine.
• In case of a loose stone setting having stones moving or any other noticeable damage, it’s a good idea to have a jeweler check the setting in the ring once a year.
Few Gems possess the history and romance of pearls. Symbol of romance and happiness, pearls have been treasured for centuries. They are given to girls on their sixteenth birthdays and are classic enough to be worn by even sixty year olds. A woman’s personal collection is incomplete without pearl jewellery.
• Natural Pearls: Natural pearls are formed when an irritant, such as a parasite or grain of sand enters the oysters/mollusk flesh causing it to secrete nacre around it, which in time forms a pearl. Natural pearls are created by chance.
• Cultured Pearls: Cultured pearls evolve in the same way as natural ones, though farmers intentionally place irritants in the oysters to begin the formation of the pearl. Cultured pearls are grown with the help of human being.
• Imitation Pearls: Products that simulate the appearance of natural or cultured pearls without possessing their chemical composition and/or their physical properties and/or their structure. These are made in factory from glass, ceramic, shell or even plastic.
• Fresh water cultured pearls: are grown in lakes & rivers. A majority of the fresh water pearls are cultivated in China, Japan and the United states. Fresh water pearls generally are elongated in shape and have a milky translucent appearance. They vary from 2mm to 5mm in size and come in greater range of colors.
• Saltwater cultured pearls: are grown in bodies of saltwater such as seas and bays. Salt water pearls are from oysters. The three most common types of saltwater pearls are Akoya pearls, South sea pearls and Tahitian pearls.
• Akoya pearls: These are cultivated mainly in Japan and China. The size range is from 2mm to 9mm.Most akoya pearls have a white to cream colour and other colours including yellow,gray and blue are possible.
• Tahitian pearls: These are cultivated primarily around the islands of French Polynesian. The pearls are unique because of their natural dark colors. Most “black” Tahitian pearls are not actually black, but are instead silver, charcoal, or a multitude of colors with the dominant color being green. Truly black pearls are among the most beautiful pearls in the world, and are extremely rare. They vary from 8mm to 14mm in size.
• South sea pearls: A South Sea pearl is pearl produced by the largest oysters. They are currently cultured in areas throughout the Indian and Pacific Oceans, primarily in Australia, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand and Myanmar. South Sea pearls also have a subtle array of colors; typically white, silver, and golden. They vary from 8mm to 15mm in size and in exceptional cases even larger.
• Keshi pearls: Keshi pearls are accidental byproducts of salt water and fresh water culturing process. It comes in variety of sizes and colours.
• Mabe pearls: A mabe pearl is grown against the inside of the oyster’s shell, rather than within its tissue. They can be cultivated in a variety of shapes like hemispherical, ovals, hearts, drops and cushions. The larger ones can grow to as much as 22mm.
Judging the quality and value of pearls can be confusing after all, there are so many different types, colors and shapes. Here’s a quick guide to help you find the ideal pearl at the perfect price.
• Nacre: Nacre (mother of pearl) is the layer of calcium carbonate that gives the pearl its distinctive appearance. The thicker the layers of nacre, the larger the pearl and more valuable and rare it is.
• Luster: A pearl’s luster is a measure of its brilliance and reflectivity. High-quality pearls are bright and shiny-you should be able to see your reflection in them. Lower-quality pearls have a chalkier or dull appearance.
• Surface: The surface should be smooth and clean, without bumps, spots, scratch, crack, wrinkle, discolorations, or other disfiguring characteristics. A pearl with blemish free surface is of a higher value.
• Size: Larger pearls command higher prices (again, with all other factors being equal). The size of the pearl is measured by its diameter in millimeters.
• Color: Pearl colors range across almost the entire spectrum from white to black. Some naturally occurring colors include silver, cream, white, pink, champagne, golden, green, gray, black and blue. The color is purely a matter of personal choice.
• Shape: Perfectly round pearls are extremely rare, and therefore very expensive. Pearls of less definable shapes are called as baroque pearls. other standard shapes are Near round, oval, button, drop and semi baroque
• Match: In any piece of jewellery, the pearls should be carefully matched for size, shape, surface, color and luster. Therefore, the closer the match, higher the value.
• Should be kept free of perfumes, cosmetics, perspiration and dirt.
• Wipe the pearls with soft cloth.
• Clean pearls in a solution of warm water and non detergent soap
• Never use ultrasonic or steam-cleaning
• Knots between each pearl will avoid loss and scratches.
• Keep the pearl jewelry separately in velvet lined or silk bag.
• Inspect the clasp.
• Should be restrung when the thread wears out.